The education system in India has undergone significant changes in the direction of development and improvement over the past decades. The reason for this is the rapid growth of the country's economy and the increase in the need for qualified scientific and professional specialists. Much attention is paid to all levels of education, from preschool to higher education. Getting a good education and a worthy specialty among the population of the country is one of the vital tasks of life.
Types of Education in India
The educational system of India includes several stages:
- preschool education;
- secondary education;
- higher and postgraduate education with obtaining academic degrees (bachelor, master, doctor).
According to the types of education, India is divided into secondary, higher, and additional higher education.
The non-state educational system operates under two programs. The first provides for the education of schoolchildren, and the second organizes studying process for adults. The age range is from nine to forty years. There is also an open learning system in which several open universities and schools operate in the country.
Little children have always been under the care of moms and relatives. Therefore, the system of kindergartens in this country never existed. The problem has become acute in recent decades when both parents are working. As a rule, preschool education begins at the age of three; studying takes place in a game form. It is noteworthy that children begin to learn English. The process of preparing for school lasts for one or two years.
School education in India is built according to a single scheme. The child begins to study at school at four. Studying for the first ten years (secondary education) is free, compulsory and is carried out according to a standard general education program. There are such main disciplines as history, geography, mathematics, and computer science.
Preparation for admission to universities takes place in schools. Students who have chosen vocational classes go to colleges and receive a secondary special education. India is also rich in a large number and variety of craft schools.
In addition to native (regional) language, it is necessary to study English. This is explained by the unusually large number of languages of the multinational and numerous Indian people. It is no accident that English is the generally accepted language of the educational process, most textbooks are written in it. It is also necessary to study the third language (German, French, Hindi, or Sanskrit).
The number of lessons varies from six to eight per day. Most schools have free meals for children. All written exams are submitted in the form of tests. The vast majority of teachers in Indian schools are men. Vacations in Indian schools are relatively short.
There are public and private schools in the secondary education system of India. Obtaining secondary school education in public schools is usually free. Education in private institutions is paid, but the prices for studying in them are quite affordable for families, even with low incomes.