Nowadays, Singapore’s maritime industry is regarded as a fast-growing ecosystem of port and maritime services including more than 130 international groups. It is also an expanding Asian hub for maritime arbitration and law and a crucial member for the offshore and maritime engineering sector. MPA Singapore is presented by the international maritime community. Moreover, it is such a place in the global maritime industry where major ideas, opportunities, and players prevailed. Generally, MPA is the major force of Singapore’s success as the maritime hub greatly assists in cultivating and identifying talents in the mentioned field (MPA Singapore, 2016). Furthermore, MPA acts for and focuses on protecting Singapore’s maritime interest by establishing cooperation with other agencies and industry organization to strengthen the security, safety, and environmental protection of Singapore’s waters, as well as to promote the fast increase of the industry. The scholars of MPA Gladys Tan and Nelson Tay discuss the multiple opportunities that could be possessed and developed by the maritime community (MPA Singapore, 2016). In this respect, the concept of health, safety and security on the basis of Singapore community is regarded as the best option for understanding what this concept implies.
The concept of health, safety and environment embraces the rules, guidance, and laws aimed at assisting the public, the environment, and the employees with the harm issues and other challenges. Admittedly, very often such specific departments called as HSE develop the duties and responsibilities for implementing and designing the appropriate procedures. Thus, HSE takes responsibility for occupation health, safety in the workplace, and environmental protection (MPA Singapore, 2016). HSE management is based on two major objectives, such as prevention of accidences and elimination of the adverse consequences resulting from operating conditions. In other words, regulatory requirements are crucial for HSE managers who should understand and define the relevant HSE regulations along with the implications, which should be communicated to executive management (Tooma, 2011). In such a way, MPA Singapore could introduce the corresponding measure to protect their employees as well as to ensure the effective work of the maritime department.
Establishing an international maritime center accepts the fact of the association with MPA that provides in-depth exposure to the maritime industry. According to the scholars discussing the concept of maritime development, the attention should be paid to the development of maritime industry in the context of business management and organizational advancement. There are different laws, regulations, and official reports which prove the necessity of introducing the safety and health issues. In terms of safety, in 2013 Singapore has introduced the Maritime Labour Convention of the International Labour Organization. The circular focuses on the major demands of the MLC related to the provision and distribution of food onboard and cooks training, as well as provides the guidance and regulations required to discuss the convention and provision. Specifically, MLC Standards A3.2 rules, “food and drinking water supplies, having regard to the number of seafarers on board, their religious requirements and cultural practices as they pertain to food, and the duration of nature of voyage shall be suitable in respect of quantity, nutritional value, quality, and variety” (MPA, Singapore, 2006). Furthermore, ship owners should also ensure that seafarers on board are provided with drinking water and food for free during the engagement period. As a result of these considerations, one should assume that SPA has been working on detailed exposition of rules regarding the safety and comfort of people on board, including training, food security, and legal regulations.
Undoubtedly, safety issues also concern financial operations. It should be stressed that Singapore is considered to be the largest bunkering centre in the world with 23.6 million tone of petrol, and its revenues equals $8.5 billion. The port location is strategic because it is placed on one of the busiest maritime routes, which ensures a growing source of demand. Furthermore, Singapore bunker market is defined by the rigid competition and speculation between the sellers and buyers. Recently, there were some measures directed at the protection of the quality of bunkers distributed in Singapore, which includes the Accreditation Schemes for Bunker Suppliers and the Code on Quality Management for the Bunker Supply Chain (Brooks & Cullinane, 2006). These measures are escorted by the limitation on Outside Port Limits protecting the unknown sources and defining the unknown quality. In this respect, the MPA is committed to the international norms, which helps it to create and develop an assurance of the highest product quality, as well as to gain trust and confidence with the company’s bunker’s customer. For the purpose of achieving the goal, the revisions have been made to the Singapore for bunkering that involves new provisions on safety, health, and environment. In an effort to strengthen and increase the business volumes while controlling the low costs, the Special Bunkering Anchorage scheme has been promoted for including both Western and Easter sectors of the port. In these locations, the vessels of 20,000 gross tons stand to enjoy over 50% of concession in port dues (Brooks & Cullinane, 2006). With the measures in place, the government plans to sustain Singapore leading position in the sphere of bunkering distribution.
The power of the maritime industry is also identified through the diligent attention paid to the MPA activities and support on the part of bunker tankers, even during the 2009 financial crisis. The agency asserted that it can postpone the increase in the regular port activities for the operators of over 100 bunker tankers for a year (2013). Singapore’s importance in bunker industry could be strengthened by the growing participation of Chinese players. Specifically, in 2010, Chombusco, China’s large bunker trade, applied to focus on Singapore market via a joint venture operation. Namely, Ng (2013) explains, “Chimbusco, itself a joint venture between PetroChina and China Ocean Shipping Group, submitted its application to the MPA for a license that will enable it to trade and distribute bunker fuels, acquire barges and rend storage facilities” (p. 165). The company has also already launched the marine fuel marketing activities in Singapore with two other firms, including Brightoil Petroleum Holdings and Southern Petrochemical.
With regard to the above-presented evidence of the MPA’s activities and actions, it could be assumed that the modern time has been witnessing an alarming environmental challenge which calls for specific concern and attention. It regards the biosphere, conditions which urges the necessity for advancing new knowledge and culture to develop an effective, proactive, and predictive based system which focuses on sustainability, reliability, and validity requirements (Olanrewaju, 2013). The current environmental trends are also directed at reducing the uncertainty components in terms of shipment design. The proactive philosophy of environmental framework and safety must be exercised at all levels of system cycle, including operation, disposal, design, and construction. The selection of all these aspects could decrease the pollution influence on the environmental system and community, which should be mitigated.
Promoting new aspect of environmental safety, MPA Singapore is ready to encourage their personnel for increasing the level of corporate social responsibility while dealing with the new customers and understanding how it will be possible to implement new schemes of controlling the management. Therefore, the concept of health, safety, and environment must be approached from a holistic perspective, including both internal and external factors. To begin with, the external factors imply that that the maritime industry intersects with healthcare and environmental establishments and adheres to the international standards of management. In their turn, internal factors mean that the MPA Singapore is tackling the problem of employee engagement and safety, starting with the provision of quality food and water and ending with the educational programs for all the specialists working on board. The managers and employees serving the port should be taken into consideration as well as reach the maximum benefit from the holistic management.
The details of the environmental and health commitment must also be considered in the light of the standards, laws, and regulations accepted on board. Knowledge of food standards, global awareness of the surrounding opportunities, and necessity to constantly adjust to the challenges and changes are among the key solutions, which could be implemented by the maritime industry in Singapore. What is more important is that the current regulations can be provided as rules and codes which should be followed by the employees.
In conclusion, the given research has highlighted the case of MPA Singapore, which discusses the way the company is engaged into Health, Safety, Security, and Environment initiative. To begin with, the maritime industry takes steps for improving the quality of services and employed environment, promoting high quality food and drinking water to the crew. Second, the MPA is also focused on the financial opportunities, through the distribution of bunkers, which could provide the potential revenues and benefits. Finally, the MPA is also concerned with the environment by giving an incentive to corporate social issues through focus on welfare and adherence to the international standards of managing the maritime and financial operation. Since, MPA is one of the largest one in Singapore, the government should pay more attention to it.
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