Mitigation includes deliberate actions directed towards the reduction and complete elimination of potential risks associated with natural disasters. It also involves the minimization of adverse impacts of potential threats. Adequate efforts help to reduce significant losses, as well as save property and human lives. In order to make mitigation effective, one needs to take urgent actions that will prevent the next cataclysm and significantly diminish negative financial implications. Natural disasters can occur suddenly, and if the community is not prepared, the consequences can be dire. Adequate mitigation requires one’s comprehension of local risks (TED, 2011). There is also a great need to invest in the long-term well-being, make a right choice, and recognize the fact that the locals and officials jeopardize their self-reliance and safety without taking effective and deliberate actions.
Through the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program, communities and authorities take proper hazard mitigation measures based on diminishing and eliminating long-term negative effects caused by natural disasters. If individuals follow the set plan step by step, they will be able to overcome any obstacles on their way and respond to risks in an effective manner. The Flood Mitigation Assistance Grant Program funds the local and state projects designed to eliminate potential risks of flood damage to insured facilities. Any homeowner, who seeks to protect own property from damages and improve the strength of his or her house, can rely on non-governmental programs highlighting various structural and nonstructural mitigation techniques that provide grants and assist in resolving an issue in a structural manner. Moreover, individuals can get technical and financial support from these projects (Haddow, Bullock, & Coppola, 2014).
Mitigation guarantees a long-term economic benefit. Officials and communities recognize the high political and socio-economic cost of not addressing risks and taking radical actions. Therefore, no one can afford to remain idle. In addition to the saved movable and immovable property, as well as human lives, adequate preparedness and development of premeditated actions produce significant financial benefits. Costs of mitigation projects include the construction of reinforcement and other necessary facilities. Otherwise, funds would be directed to other projects that focus on human and physical aspects. Therefore, financial resources have to gain compensation for their use in practice. In this case, the project will provide net benefits to communities (TED, 2011).
Mitigation is based on actions aimed at minimizing harm that emerges when a natural disaster occurs. It includes land use zoning, installing shelters, and ensuring security in houses. Construction in the potential flood zone is prohibited. Preparedness is the development of an effective response and premeditated actions that help the locals act adequately if a disaster occurs. It also includes good organization, coordination, training and equipping of the emergency staff and law enforcement. Moreover, education, development of a thought-out plan for responding to natural disasters, and gaining skills for making an adequate response are crucial (TED, 2011).
The Emergency Management Institute delivers and develops training, as well as enhances the capabilities of the disaster workforce, volunteer organizations, local and state officials, and private, public, and federal entities to lessen the impact of natural disasters on the public (Haddow, Bullock, & Coppola, 2014). The institution’s main functions are preparation, recovery, mitigation, protection, and an adequate response to the effects of an emergency and natural disaster by U.S. communities.
Although, in some cases, people with disabilities can fully support themselves on their own, the impact of disaster consequences on victims and resources leads to the fact that they may need professional help. The local, state and federal authorities take steps to ensure that disabled workers have an adequate plan for acting effectively and timely during an emergency (Lindsay, 2010). It is important to highlight unique needs of every person and encourage disabled individuals to interact with each other, since close cooperation in case of a natural disaster is crucial. These people are also provided with technical assistance since the local and state entities highlight its importance.
The Emergency Management Performance Grant Program, Intercity Bus Security Grant Program, and the Homeland Security Grant Program play a crucial role in the implementation of preparedness to any cataclysm (Bellamy, 2015). These projects highlight such aspects as self-support and construction of facilities needed to achieve the set goal, namely the establishment of a resilient nation.
A Business Continuity Plan requires competent authorities to react promptly, since the cataclysm can affect the critical infrastructure differently. Short-term natural disasters do not require substantial intervention. However, a high-scale emergency can lead to the ruination of buildings and emergence of great problems that need a specific approach and days to resolve them. Agencies working under the jurisdiction of the state department frequently use an Emergency Operations Plan that helps them to develop an adequate, effective and coordinated response to anthropogenic or natural disasters. Crisis Action Planning involves the development of joint efforts focusing on the time aspect in response to a cataclysm (Bellamy, 2015). Continuity of Operation Planning ensures that organizations continue to perform the initial functions during an emergency, including the localization of natural and technological events, as well as other accidents. A Continuity Plan serves as a guide for managing and implementing programs. These efforts are also crucial for mitigating hazards and preventing human deaths.
Communication during an emergency and natural disaster is important as it plays a critical role in addressing the consequences of a cataclysm and providing the timely flow of necessary information, which the government, humanitarians, and residents need. Through the interaction and collaboration, a rescue operation is carried out. Moreover, all affected and injured people get medical assistance.
Therefore, the development of effective communication programs to address disasters in a proper manner has already become a global priority for every country. Adequate management and response have to be based on the provision of tools and practices that enable every entity to manage information from various sources systematically. Premeditated actions help residents and officials to collaborate effectively, rebuild communities, and reduce damages. Training and new technology enable every organization to improve their response capability and address environmental issues in a proper manner.
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